Lunar Crew Emergency Rescue Vehicle - Abstract
Lunar Crew Emergency Rescue Vehicle


Craig Hudson, et. all


December 2, 1988

Abstract

The construction of a permanently manned base on the Moon will require adequate medical care for the base crew. However, during the initial development of the base, a fully capable health maintenance facility would require more power, and thermal control than an initial base would be capable of providing. As a result, it may be necessary to evacuate injured personnel to the Earth's surface. The Lunar Crew Emergency Rescue Vehicle (LCERV) will serve as a safe, quick, and efficient method for returning medically infirm personnel from a lunar base to adequate medical facilities. This document presents a preliminary design review an Apollo-like vehicle to meet the rescue requirements of a lunar base. The vehicle is capable of returning an injured astronaut with one attendant to Earth in approximately 48 hours.

Space Emergency Rescue Vehicles (SERV) divided the technical responsibilities of the LCERV design into three divisions: Vehicle Design, Trajectory Analysis, and Vehicle Integration. The vehicle division studied various subsystems required for the LCERV: ECLSS, medical, structures, power, propulsion, and GNC and communications. The trajectory division investigated the energy and time requirements for return of the LCERV to Earth. The integration division researched the impacts of a lunar base, Space Station Freedom, and the Earth upon the design of the LCERV.

SERV is headed by a Project Manager responsible for project administrative functions. The Chief Engineer is responsible for focusing the research of each of the technical divisions and integrating this research into the final conceptual design to be delivered by SERV. He is also responsible for reporting the status of the project directly to the Project Manager. Each division is headed by a Technical Director who reports the findings of the design group to the Chief Engineer. The Technical Directors are responsible for assigning research tasks to the engineering staff. The design results thus far are presented herein.

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