1963: First Manned Spacecraft Center
(MSC) Mars plan (MSC) Mars plan

  • Response to piloted EMPIRE Mars studies Response to piloted EMPIRE Mars studies at NASA Marshall at NASA Marshall

  • Study results presented at American Study results presented at American Astronomical Society Symposium on the Astronomical Society Symposium on the Exploration of Mars, June 1963 Exploration of Mars, June 1963

  • Three mission modes considered Three mission modes considered

    1. Propulsive braking Propulsive braking

    2. Aerodynamic braking Aerodynamic braking

    3. Flyby- Flyby-rendezvous
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