Facts about NASA
ISS overview
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Facts about NASA

+The acronym "NASA" stands for National Aeronautics and Space Administration.

+ The term "aeronautics" originated in France, and was derived from the Greek words for "air" and "to sail."

+ The Altus II unmanned robot plane can circle for up to 24 hours over wildfires, beaming images and data back to computers via satellite. Originally introduced as part of the Environmental Research and Sensor Technology (ERAST) Program, Altus II can map dozens of fires in a day with no risk to a pilot.

+ On August 25, 1932 Amelia Earhart set three records for women flyers: the first non-stop U.S. crossing, the longest distance record, and a coast-to-coast record time.
+ In 1803, a man named Luke Howard used Latin words to categorize clouds. Cirrus, which means "curl of hair," is used to describe high, wispy clouds that look like locks of hair.

+ Cumulonimbus clouds, or rain producing clouds, may stretch from their base near the Earth's surface to an altitude of 10 kilometers (33,000 feet) or higher.

+ The Dryden Flight Research Center (DFRC) is NASA's center for aeronautical flight research and atmospheric flight operations. DFRC is chartered to research, develop, verify, and transfer advanced aeronautics, space and related technologies. It also serves as a backup landing site for the Space Shuttle and a facility to test and validate design concepts and systems used in development and operation of the Orbiters.

+ NASA's Environmental Research Aircraft and Sensor Technology program (known as "ERAST") develops pilotless airplane technology. It also works on making science instruments very small so that they can be carried on remote-controlled aircraft

+ In 1933, Osa Johnson and her husband, Martin, were the first aerial photographers. They photographed different regions of Earth including Africa and Mt. Kilamanjaro.

+ On January 1, 1958, Explorer 1 became the first artificial satellite launched into space by the United States. Onboard was a cosmic ray detector designed to measure the radiation environment in Earth orbit.


Innovations at NASA

  • Lightning Detection and Ranging System


In a joint project with NASA’s Kennedy Space Center, Global Atmospherics, Inc. (GAI), participated in the upgrade and commercialization of the Lightning Detection and Ranging (LDAR) System. Under a Space Act Agreement, GAI and Kennedy agreed to the joint development of a new LDAR system that meets the needs of both NASA and private industry. The resulting development was a volumetric lightning mapping system. NASA operates a three- dimensional LDAR system capable of determining the exact location and altitude of in-cloud and cloud-to-cloud lightning



In the 1960's NASA pioneered contamination control technology, providing a base from which aerospace contractors could develop control measures

  • A New Cure for Medical Errors


In May 2000, senior officials of the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) and NASA signed an agreement that would commit the two agencies to create the Patient Safety Reporting System (PSRS) to report: events or situations that could have resulted in accident, injury, or illness, but did not, either by chance or through timely intervention (close-calls);



A collaboration between NASA Lewis Research Center (LRC) and Gladwin Engineering resulted in the adaptation of aerospace high temperature metal technology to the continuous casting of steel. The continuous process is more efficient because it takes less time and labor.



Domestic solar hot water system produced by Solar One Ltd. benefited from technical expertise provided by a NASA technical support package describing the design and operation of solar heating equipment in NASA Tech House.



NASA is helping thousands of teachers to learn more about aerospace matters, improve their classroom skills, and expand significantly the content of their aerospace education curricula by means of live educational satellite videoconferences

NASA means Business Competition (NMB 2005)

Simply put, NASA needs your help

NMB2005 is a chance to help NASA and its Space Station partners tell their story to everyday people in new and more effective ways by applying our knowledge of the business world and its tools of advertising, marketing, communication and journalism. This is our goal.

our mission is to:

  • research, design, and develop an ISS Promotion Plan;
  • produce two 30- or 60-second Promotional Video presentations as signature implementation projects of your ISS Promotion Plan (at the team's option, a single, 3-5 minute video production may be proposed as a substitute for the two-video requirement); and,
  • develop and implement a Team Outreach Plan.

Our focus is to be on the International Space Station's role as a bridge to Mars, technology development, research opportunities, international cooperation and future exploration.

Our role is that of storyteller, and your medium is digital video.

Our context is humankind's goal to survive, develop, and transform itself through the exploration of the unknown.

Sponsored Projects by NASA

  • The University of New Hampshire space scientists have been awarded $5 Million from NASA to study Edge of Solar System.


  • NASA-sponsored rain forest project includes new greenhouse gas research.


  • NASA sponsored Computational Nanotechnology project.


  • STC-METSAT’S NASA Water Vapor Project (NVAP)


ISS (International Space Station)

Abstract: since 1961, more than 400 human beings have ventured into space. Now aboard the International Space Station, astronauts are working to improve life on Earth and extend life beyond out home planet.

For more information:



National Aeronautics and Space Administration
University of New Hampshire